How does Pre Eclampsia affect the baby?

The relative deficiency in the blood supply from the mother to the placenta limits the baby's supply of nutrients and oxygen, which may lead to reduced growth of the baby (intrauterine growth restriction) and even oxygen deprivation. Therefore, once Pre Eclampsia is present, close monitoring of fetal welfare is important to ensure such problems do not become serious. The timing of delivery in cases of Pre Eclampsia which arise early in the second half of pregnancy can be particularly difficult, because a very premature fetus may be severely affected by Pre Eclampsia, but on the other hand, cannot be certain of survival outside the womb either.

Medical information supplied by:
Professor Shaun Brennecke
Director of Perinatal Medicine and University of Melbourne Department Head of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne